The HE & WT Railway continued to build northward from Houston and reached Livingston in 1880. The following information is provided to help our users stay informed about courthouse availability, hours, and procedures. Surrounding County Courthouses: N – Boone County and Story County E – Jasper County S – Warren County W – Dallas County Created: January 13, 1846 County Seat: Des Moines 1846 – present . 208 W Church. 817-404-4638 P O Box 880. The courthouse lawn is surrounded by sidewalks and is freshly landscaped. Green designed a portion of the Trinity County Courthouse, probably around the same time as his work on the Polk County Courthouse Annex. ), The population of Polk County grew steadily from 1880 to 1940, when it peaked at 20,635, then declined sharply until 1960, only to rebound slightly through the 1980s. In Livingston Criminal Courts, the government brings a case against a defendant who is accused of breaking the law. 817-404-4638 In Person: 1117 Trinity Street, Room 144, Austin, TX 78701. There are plans to restore the high ceilings and open this balcony space. Polk County Courthouse, Livingston: See 14 reviews, articles, and 5 photos of Polk County Courthouse, ranked No.5 on Tripadvisor among 19 attractions in Livingston. Surrounding County Courthouses: N – Boone County and Story County E – Jasper County S – Warren County W – Dallas County Created: January 13, 1846 County Seat: Des Moines 1846 – present . My office has three branches that oversee more than 1,000 duties for our community. Polk County (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Polk County Courthouse… The fertile lands and the abundance of wild game attracted soldiers who passed through Texas en route to Mexico to fight. The cost of this building was just under $6,000. Native Americans occupied the area as early as 200-500 A. D. The Alabama and Coushatta Tribes remain in Polk County on reservation land acquired by General Sam Houston. The Polk County Courthouse and 1905 Courthouse Annex are very worthy of restoration and preservation. Jury Duty, District and County Clerk of Court, Phone Number, and other Polk County info. The greatest increase came after World War II, but the lumber boom helped ease the impact of the Great Depression on the county. The Commissioners Court judged that the size of the courthouse should be increased based upon the increase of the population up to 1883. Establishment of Polk County Government and County Seat. 15502 Old Galveston Rd.,#706 Webster, Texas 77598 Phone: 281-331-8414. The specifications for the new building were: A recently discovered letter from the Trinity County clerk to Page, dated August 5, 1914, features a image of the Green building on the letterhead. Most of the original steel top-hinged casement windows are intact throughout the building. Both the north and south elevations are seven bays wide, with the five central bays inset behind white Tuscan columns, and flanked by plain brick pavilions. Virtually all of the business in the county requires some interaction with the local jurisdiction. Livingston lost most of its historic buildings in the fire of 1902 and continues to lose historic buildings at an alarming rate due to growth and a quest for modernization. 216 Livingston 77351 Phone: 936-… Polk County is named for James Knox Polk, who was the eleventh President of the United States of America.. County Clerk Records Coverage. Polk County Courthouse P.O. The restrooms were also used by members of the Methodist Church on Sundays and by customers of the nearby merchants, still without these facilities. Green died c. 1929, possibly as the result of a house fire. All interior openings were trimmed in a Neo-Classical/Greek style. Polk County District Court . The courthouse Annex exhibits unusually scaled architecture for a government building. The original mantels have been placed in storage. The building reflects a simplified Beaux Arts classicism evident in the massive columns dominating the symmetrical facades, strong cornice-line balustrade, arched windows, rectangular plan, flat roof, lack of pediments, and a cross-axial plan. Both buildings meet Criterion C in the area of Architecture at the local level of significance. Get Started. Friendswood, Texas … See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Polk County Sub Courthouse locations in Onalaska, TX. The county comprises 1,061 square miles, ranging in elevation from 100 to 300 feet. The 2-story building of locally produced brick was designed in a Classical Revival style by Houston architect Lewis Sterling Green. He left soon thereafter to work as an estimator at the Thompson Starrett Company in San Francisco, finding work during the rebuilding after the 1906 fire. It is our goal to make our services as convenient and accessible as possible to customers. Both buildings exhibit features typical of governmental buildings constructed during the early 20th century. The narrower east and west elevations are similarly arranged, but the east side (facing Washington Avenue) is historically the front entrance to the building, facing the town’s original main street. A white fence was placed around the square to keep roving livestock out of the building. The original drawings of the interior of the courthouse, shows many ornate details that were never implemented. POLK County Texas Courthouse. The Courthouse Annex is set on a concrete foundation. The unusual building is Polk County’s oldest government building. 1001 N Home St. Corrigan, Texas 75939 . The county also yields some oil and gas. (Commissioners’ Court Minutes, Sam Houston Regional Archives) The large second floor became the town’s social center. 1905 Courthouse Annex. In 1998 the roof and foundation was repaired, the trim painted, the masonry tucked and pointed and steps replaced. The front of the courthouse is restored to it's original appearance. Over the course of many years the courthouse interior has been split into many small office spaces. Jury Duty, District and County Clerk of Court, Phone Number, and other Polk County info. Photographs of the original doors will aid in their replacement. Because it had been dependent on the plantation system, the county was economically fragmented after the war. Present Status: Gone During this first meeting, construction of a larger courthouse was approved. Concrete steps on the east side lead to the double doors which are flanked by concrete pedestals that once held gas lampposts (the original lampposts are stored inside the building pending further restoration). "The Polk County Courthouse, designed by the Houston architectural firm of McLelland & Fink, was built in 1923-24 to answer the needs of a growing and prosperous county. Both buildings exhibit influences of Beaux Arts design elements with flat roofs, balustrades, symmetrical plans, form & massing. Polk County Clerk's Office Texas. Therefore, locally these buildings are of great importance. The courthouse is the center of activity in these small, rural counties in Texas. Present Status: Existing. The Mexican government made 35 land grants in what would become Polk County. The ground floor window in the central bay is a small 6/6 sash. Proposed restoration plans for the 1905 Courthouse Annex include rebuilding the doors to original specifications and rebuilding the floors and ceilings on the south side. The interior woodwork and mantels would be restored and the building could once again be utilized. Architectural Style: Second Empire Due to structural failures to the building in the 1970s, the building was vacated and exterior bracing supports were added in the 1980s to stabilize the building for restoration. Each elevation of the courthouse is similarly detailed and arranged, the major difference being that the wider north and south elevations of the building have seven bays while the narrower south and north elevations are five bays wide. The south side of the building has no floors due to structural failures, but the north side interior is intact. Ribbon Cut, New Judicial Center Officially Opened, LIVINGSTON, September 21, 2011 - The Polk County Judicial Center project is complete, ribbon cut, and open for judicial business.The event kicked off at 4 pm on September 20, 2011. After accepting Choate’s generous offer, the Board appointed a Jury of View to sell lots in Livingston. P O Drawer 2119 Livingston, TX 77351 (936) 327-6805 Phone (936) 327-6874. Livingston, Texas 77351 . While policies can vary from county to county, the law is clear as the to the individual's right to access and obtain public … The architect for this project was Eugene T. Heiner and the builder was W.C. Wells. The south facade has two downspouts. Polk County is named for William Polk, who was an officer in the American Revolutionary War and the first president of the State Bank of North Carolina.. The population of the county in 1860 was 8,300, with a slave population of 4,198. Polk County’s fifth courthouse set new records for cost and style. The ground floor walls were 18” thick. The east facade of the courthouse, on Washington Avenue. The original lampposts and cornerstone are stored within the building pending further restoration. Reflecting age-old traditions, the cornerstone was laid by the Masonic Lodge, wearing full ceremonial attire. Within a week after the fire, local entrepreneurs saw the need for brick construction and created a brick making plant on Choates Creek. This first Legislature appointed John Stubblefield, James W. Abbey, Fredrick Rankin, A. S. Ainsworth and Arthur Garner as a Board of Commissioners to meet at Swartout on the Trinity River to locate a county seat, to hold an election to select a place and to get the county government in operation. Counties Accepted - State of Texas Polk County Provided Programs. (Polk County Museum Archives, Pictorial History Book, Polk County, Texas 1978). ), Development of industry in Polk County was facilitated by a great improvement in transportation. What genealogical records can I find in the Polk County Courthouse? ), Lufkin Theater, Lufkin (1905), Center High School, Center (1907), Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church, Brady Addition (1910, now parish house), and with Joseph Finger: Stowers Furniture Co., Houston (1912), Temple Freda, Bryan (1912), De George Hotel, Houston (1913), Panama Hotel, Galveston (1913), American National Insurance Co. Building, Houston (1912), Model Laundry Co. Building, Houston (1912), Galveston Cotton Compress & Warehouse Co. (1912), Dickinson High School (1912). “Polk County,” in New Handbook of Texas. Both buildings exhibit influences from the Beaux Arts style, which was popular in public buildings from the 1890s to the 1930s, after the Chicago World’s Fair of 1893 produced a resurgence of interest in classically derived design. US Highway 59 (IH-69) bypasses Livingston on the west. The original doors were removed many years ago and have since been temporarily replaced with metal doors, pending further restoration. The supporting braces on the exterior of this building and the loss of the south interior floors and ceilings are the major changes. (McCaslin , Richard B. Polk County Courthouse Status The COVID-19 situation has impacted most Texas County courthouses. Contact: Matt Baldridge. In March 1845, the first Texas Legislature created Polk County and named it in honor of James K. Polk, then President of the United States. Two metal braces on this elevation help stabilize the building. Polk County is a County im Bundesstoot Texas in … This building also served as the Livingston Church for six years. The southwest corner is the site of the courthouse Annex, circa 1905, the oldest remaining county-owned building. The 2-story building of locally produced brick was designed in a Classical Revival style by Houston architect Lewis Sterling Green. Polk county Texas officials head many departments which provide the public with official documents, government information and records. (Imma R. Haynes, History of Polk County, page 19). Interior restoration plans will include replacement of wooden doors and transoms, ceiling fans and light fixtures, and the restoration of the third floor balcony space. Present Status: Gone In 1884, the court authorized the enlargement and renovation of the brick building and added a new stone façade at a cost of $17,500. He offered to give the County one hundred acres of land, stipulating that if selected for the County Seat, the name be changed to Livingston for his former home in Tennessee. In order to pay the warrants, a sinking fund was created on April 26, 1923 by raising property taxes $0.19 per $100 of the assessed value. #2 : Property Search Search parcel information using Owner, Address or Property ID. Architectural Style: Classical Revival Surrounding County Courthouses: N – Rutherford County E – Rutherford County S – Spartanburg County, South Carolina and Greenville County, South Carolina W – Henderson County Created: January 20, 1855 POLK COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COURT December 8, 2020 Polk County Courthouse, 3rd floor 10:00 A.M. Livingston, Texas NOTICE Is hereby given that a regular meeting of the Polk County Commissioners Court will be held on the date stated In the northeast corner of the square are original cornerstones from two previous County Courthouses once located on the site of the current courthouse. 1971), Brackenridge School, Houston (1905, dem. The county seat, Livingston, straddles U.S. highways 59 and 190 about seventy-six miles northeast of Houston. Despite an overall increase in rural population, agriculture has played an increasingly minor role in the economy of Polk County. Pierce, Norris, Pace & Associates, Architects & Engineers. Polk County, Texas Judge Darrell Longino is the Justice of the Peace for Precinct One in Polk County, Texas. This building is almost identical in proportion, style and details to a portion of the Trinity County Courthouse in Groveton, Texas. "1854, plans were underway for a two-story brick courthouse. Links Texas Department Of Motor Vehicles Polk County Appraisal District Voter Registration Texas State Comptrollers Office Important Tax Deadlines. Polk County Courthouse: Courthouse - See 14 traveler reviews, 5 candid photos, and great deals for Livingston, TX, at Tripadvisor. 101 W Mill. The jury facilities included a dormitory with showers. The courthouse annex, a 2-story red brick building on the southwest corner of the courthouse square, also features a rectangular plan and classical detailing. Being the seat of government placed a town above other county communities. 1001 N Home St. Corrigan, Texas 75939 . The cornerstone was laid on November 12, 1923 and is still visible on the northeast corner of the square. Building Completion Date: 1923 Six County Judges and District Judge Oran M. Roberts, future Governor of Texas, would use the courthouse. James Andress was appointed to survey and lay off the town in blocks, lots and streets and to prepare a map of the village. The most significant original architectural space within the building was the District Courtroom, a two-level space located on the second floor, with a balcony accessible from the third floor. There are 254 counties in Texas: Anderson to Zavala. Provided by the Texas Association of Counties Duties & Responsibilities of County Officials County seats were also attractive to settlers because the center of government represented law and order on an otherwise unruly & forbidding frontier. Polk County Court in Livingston, Texas. Architectural Firm: McLelland & Fink 6 giant order Tuscan columns define entry. The major roadblock is funding. Each doorway has wood and glass double doors set beneath a classical overdoor featuring a dentil course. County Seat: Livingston Polk County Courthouse: POLK County Texas Courthouse - See 14 traveler reviews, 5 candid photos, and great deals for Livingston, TX, at Tripadvisor. The courthouse Square is the focal point of the community. Hotels near (IAH) George Bush Intercontinental Airport; All things to do in Livingston; Things to do near Polk County Courthouse. Proposed restoration plans for the 1924 Courthouse include restoring the exterior appearance of the building to its original built condition by removing the elevator shaft and air conditioning units and restoring lampposts. There was a cistern to provide water for the courthouse. The most significant original features are within the District Courtroom, a two-story space located on the second floor, with a balcony accessible from the third floor, which is currently filled with ductwork and air conditioning equipment. Architect: Eugene Thomas Heiner The square site is slightly elevated, with a cultivated & landscaped lawn and a recently constructed community gazebo and flowerbeds. The annex is only 23 feet wide! In the 20th century the value of the lumber industry increased remarkably. Polk County voters overwhelmingly supported secession in 1861, and produced eight companies which served in the war. but records reveal the revised contract amount was $134,188. A settlement was formed on the Trinity River, but because of unsettled conditions, the people could not obtain titles to their land until 1833 when grant contracts were drawn up. County Seat: Livingston The finished floors were of tongue and grooved sealed pine. It contained a community auditorium, a library and the American Legion Hall. The exterior of the courthouse annex is in good condition, despite internal structural failures, which necessitate supporting braces on the west and south sides. (McCaslin , Richard B. Ventilators in the roof provided a flow of air from open windows and doors, while electric ceiling fans augmented air circulation within all but the smallest rooms. County Seat: Livingston It's worth a visit to see the hum of activity on a weekday. The 2011 Polk County Judicial Center is directly south of the courthouse, on Mill Street. Courthouses are historic and architectural treasurers bestowed by previous generations. Livingston, Texas 77351 . It was 40 feet square with a wide hallway and four offices on the ground floor and one large open courtroom upstairs. Distance - 86.37 Miles from center of Polk County Texas Star Surveying. Polk County Courthouse and 1905 Courthouse Annex, Livingston, Texas; Polk County Courthouse (Wisconsin), Balsam Lake, Wisconsin; Geiger Building (Osceola, Wisconsin), also known as the Old Polk County Courthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places; See also. The original lighting was gas. By the end of World War II, U.S. highways 59 and 287, through Livingston and Corrigan, were paved, and U.S. 190 from Livingston to Woodville, in neighboring Tyler County, was hard-surfaced by 1949. Each window is framed with corbelled brick with concrete sills and decorative corners. Despite the addition of the bracing, the exterior of the building retains its original characteristics and integrity. The building retains a high degree of integrity of location, setting, workmanship, materials, design, feeling and association. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. Both the 1905 Courthouse Annex and the 1924 Courthouse are good examples of early 20th century Classical Revival style public buildings in a rural Texas county, and are thus nominated under Criterion C, in the area of Architecture. A jury summons day for me at POLK County Criminal Justice Center. An exterior elevator shaft was added to the north side in 1968, resulting in the removal of windows on the west pavilion. The courthouse Annex has very few modifications to the original design. By 1854, plans were underway for a two-story brick courthouse. The Polk District Court I, located in Livingston, Texas is a government institution where legal disputes are resolved in accordance with the law. 1905 Courthouse Annex. 265 Livingston 77351 Phone: 936-327-6805 Fax: 936-327-6874 District Clerk 101 West Mill St. Ste. Both are symmetrical in design, with one 12/12 sash window on the ground floor with decorative iron grill and one smaller rectangular casement window on the second floor, set between brick pilasters. The Alabama - Coush Present Status: Gone The architects Green, Lewis Sterling McLelland, and Fink, designed the structure with a classical/revival design. The east and west elevations feature four Tuscan columns. The overall design elements remain intact and proposed restoration plans include the removal of the exterior elevator shaft, returning the exterior window symmetry. The upper floor central bay window is a narrow 9/9 sash with a 6-light transom. The northwest corner has a picnic area near a historic 1901 Civil War monument (contributing). Welcome to the website of the Polk County Clerk of the Circuit Court & Comptroller. The windows on the first floor are rectangular and separated by spandrels from the second floor arched windows. This was the first Polk County Courthouse to include electricity and indoor plumbing, and each room had transoms and ceiling fans to allow air circulation within the interior spaces, all of which were later removed. Houston architect Lewis Sterling Green worked in partnership with Gehard C. Svarz until 1904. Learn More. The annex was constructed using locally produced brick, skilled masonry work with stone detailing, while the brick and concrete courthouse was designed as a four-level structure to serve all facets of government. The number of active farming operations fell, including those producing corn and cotton. Green’s projects include St. Agnes Convent, Houston (1905, dem. ... Polk County Clerk. In 1902, a fire swept through downtown Livingston, destroying all the buildings except the courthouse. Corrigan City Municipal Court. Wide steps leading to each entrance are flanked on either side by brick pedestals that once held gas lampposts (replaced with flagpoles on the north side). Polk County Courthouse: Courthouse - See 14 traveler reviews, 5 candid photos, and great deals for Livingston, TX, at Tripadvisor. Polk County Probate Records (guides.sll.texas.gov) About the Polk District Court I. A special meeting of the Commissioner’s court on March 21, 1923, approved a resolution for a new courthouse, stating a need for a building with modern plumbing and heating, and more space for the expansion of County offices and county archives. The mantels have been removed for restoration. The lampposts would be restored and re-installed. A fireplace heated each floor. Quickly access deeds, liens, oil & gas leases and title research with our free grantor-grantee and property search index. The windows in the outer bays are identical to those on the single bay elevations (12/12 sash on the ground floor, 8-light casements on the upper floor). The building was much larger, had a more complex plan and was less pretentious in detail. Moses L. Choate, a native of Livingston, Tennessee, had started the settlement of Springfield on his land grant in 1836, and wanted the seat of government there. The west facade of the building faces Jackson Street, and features three windows on each floor. Persons desiring grants of land applied to the Commissioner giving an oath as to their nativity and giving proof of their good conduct. Polk County Courthouse: POLK County Texas Courthouse - See 14 traveler reviews, 5 candid photos, and great deals for Livingston, TX, at Tripadvisor. Hotels in de buurt van Polk County Courthouse; Hotels in de buurt van Lake Livingston State Park; Hotels in de buurt van Naskila Gaming; Hotels in de buurt van Lake Livingston Dam; Hotels in de buurt van The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas; Hotels in de buurt van Old City Cemetery; Hotels in de buurt van Polk County Memorial Museum I visited Polk County and photographed the courthouse in Livingston on September 28, 2009, August 16, 2105, and March 25, 2017. Hotels near Polk County Chamber of Commerce; Hotels near Texas Polk County US 59 Northbound Rest Area; Near Airports. The elevation on the west side of the square is at street level and faces Jackson Avenue and the railroad. Looking north on Washington Avenue, on the east side of the courthouse square. As we waited through the selections process, it got really dark. The building’s footprint measures 23 ft. by 43 ft. and stands 32 feet from the ground at the northwest corner to the top of the parapet. 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